Technology is ever-evolving. And the evolution of technology has also been a major driving force in the progress of humankind. There is no denying that the creation of artificial intelligence (AI) has been one of the major innovations of recent times even advance tool like grammar checker uses AI for correcting the grammar mistakes as same as human do. It is also true that almost every major technology that will dominate the industry in the next few years will rely on AI in some form or the other.
While AI is associated with almost every major technology trend in the current market, we are most likely to see more advanced applications of AI in the coming years. However, if I have to pinpoint 5 technologies that have the potential to shape the world around us in the next two years, I have the mention the following ones:
1. Cloud technology
According to a recent article published in techrepublic.com, nearly 70% of enterprise businesses are migrating data for enterprise resource planning (ERP) applications to the cloud. Now, migrating data to the cloud has its own share of challenges. While there is a possibility of cloud security breaches and loss of sensitive data, enterprise professionals are hopeful about the benefits that the migration of ERP applications to the cloud will bring to their businesses.
We are likely to cloud technology adoption by almost every enterprise across different industries in the market as the technology offers better scalability with new technologies, lower ownership cost, and security patching and updating by the provider. A few years ago, IDC reportedly predicted that by 2022, 35% of all production apps would be cloud-native.
Talking about cloud-native apps, we are likely to witness some major changes in the user interfaces of apps with the increase in Machine-to-Machine dialogue. Needless to say, the AI-powered user interfaces and process automation will replace a significant number of the screen-based apps available in the current market.
2. Cyber Security
For a significant amount of time, the security approach in the world of technology typically involved patching the infrastructure from the data center to the edge. However, the security risks have increased drastically and have gotten more complex and sophisticated in the past few years. It is quite evident that the security at the organisations needs to be reinvented in order to safeguard the infrastructure and the applications deployed on it.
Most of us are aware of the fact that the traditional cybersecurity controls follow a centralised approach where data is collected from various sources to perform analysis and investigation. With the organisations moving all their operation on the cloud, security controls will shift to data sources, similar to the trend that is currently occurring in the IoT industry.
While we see more focus on data loss protection, digital rights management, and end-point-based firewalls, there is also going to be a massive rise in biometric way of authentication. Use access controls have been mostly about single or two-factor authentication. Since the cyber attackers are now targeting individual employees, advanced biometric solutions such as fingerprint, voice recognition etc., are a better bet at preventing the security breach.
3. IoT and Edge
With IoT and Edge, we are entering a more connected world. We have already been introduced to smart devices such as Google Home and Amazon Echo, which not only make your home smarter but also automate a lot of functionalities that you need to perform on a daily basis. Whether it is about setting the alarm, placing an order online or finding a recipe for a dish, the smart and interactive IoT devices can do it all for you.
According to another IDC prediction, 152,200 IoT devices will connect every minute by 2025. It also means that nearly 80 billion devices are believed to be connected annually by 2025. As the homes get smarter, we will witness more smart cities with smart surveillance, medical applications and more.
At the same time, building, operating, managing and securing such widespread IoT implementation will grow in complexity with the increasing number of endpoints. And for proper implementation of the technology, we will require the help of AI and machine learning (ML).
4. 5G Connectivity
5G has already been introduced in a number of places in the world, and it is quite evident from the initial report that the implementation of 5G is going to be a pivotal point for the telecom industry. According to GSMA, there will be more than 1.3 billion 5G connections in the world, covering 40% of the global population.
Interestingly, the technologies that are already discussed in the blog will provide a lot of opportunities for the proper implementation of 5G. With smart cities, connected healthcare and better security, the world will need 5G connectivity for seamless operation through every stage. And for the agile and scalable telecom service, a strong multi-cloud strategy will be required as well.
Blockchain has gained a lot of attention in recent years due to the increasing popularity of cryptocurrencies such as BitCoin. While the evolution of blockchain has gone through a challenging road, it is now starting to mature. Needless to say, the businesses across various industries will soon see the potential of the technology and will implement it in their businesses within the next couple of years.
If you are not aware of block-chain, let me give you a brief idea about it. It is a decentralised, incorruptible, unchangeable space for encrypted data. With the help of AI, the data can be analysed and interpreted to obtain actionable insights. AI and blockchain together will change the nature of transactional businesses massively in the coming days.
To wrap it up
All the technologies mentioned above are already making a significant impact in the current market. And their impact is only going to increase as those technologies themselves, along with AI, start to evolve with each passing day. There is no doubt that these technologies will play a significant role in shaping the world in the next few years.
Author: Dean Smith is a computer science professor at a reputed academic institute in Australia. He is also a part of the team of experts at myassignmenthelp.com, where he offers assignment help to students on request. He has a master’s degree in computer science.